As a lawyer, you will apply legal knowledge and theories to solve individual problems. Becoming a Lawyer is a dream that many Indian students nourish. Read this article to know the key steps required to become a lawyer in India.
Entry Routes to Become Lawyer
You need to complete any one of the below courses to get LLB degree which further entitles you as a lawyer
- 5-Year Integrated LLB Course
- 3-Year LLB Course
Let’s talk about ‘5-Year Integrated LLB Course’ in details
5-Year Integrated LLB course is for 10+2 pass-out students. Students need to take CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) to get into one of 14 National Law Universities.
Eligibility for CLAT
Minimum 45% marks in 10+2 (40% in case of SC/ST)
Age < 20 years (<22 years in case of SC/ST)
LSAT (Law School Admission Test) conducted by Law School Admission Council is also considered by some universities for admissions. Other than this, multiple state level entrance examinations are being conducted throughout the country for admission into respective universities.
You get a BA/BSc/BBA/BCom etc. degree at the completion of 3 years of course. LLB degree is awarded at the completion of the 5-year course.
Generally, a student studies subjects like economics, accounts etc for a BBA degree. They study sociology, History, Political Science etc. for a BA degree.
Now let’s talk about ‘3-Year LLB Course’ in details
3-Year Integrated LLB course is for graduate students. The students must have completed their graduation with at least 50% marks.
After completing the classroom courses, you will have to do a mandatory internship as per the norms set by the specific institution.
Enrolment with state bar council
After obtaining a Law Degree from a Bar Council of India (BCI) recognized Institute/University, if you want to start the law practice, it is necessary to register with your State Bar Council (SBC). After applying and enrolling with the State Bar Council, one will get provisional license to practice law. This provisional license will be valid for a period of 6 months.
After enrolling with State Bar Council, you must clear All India Bar Examination (AIBE). The exam is conducted by Bar Council of India, and once you clear it, you get a certificate of practice. The test assesses your basic analytical capabilities and your knowledge of the law.
On clearing the exam, BCI will pass on the result to your State Bar Council. The State Bar Council will convert the provisional license into a final license.
That’s it, now you are eligible to practice law in any part or court of India! The license has to be renewed every 5 years.
Difference between Advocate and Lawyer
We often use the terms lawyer and advocate interchangeably, however, there is a difference between the two. After completing your LLB course, you become a lawyer. However, you are still not an advocate. To become an advocate, you will have to enroll yourself with any State Bar Council and clear the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) as explained above.
After LL.B., graduates may start working for law firms or consultancies. The best way to get started is by working for established lawyers. Becoming a part of their team will help one earn valuable work experience.
Apart from working for others, law graduates may start own practice. If one has access to decent financial resources, it is possible to start own consultancy service or law firm.
Law graduates are also eligible to work for the Government (at State and Central levels). For this, they must appear for (and clear) relevant entrance tests.
Corporate houses, NGOs, and MNCs are also known to have a legal department. Big players usually hire a team of lawyers and law professionals. Law graduates may find a job in such setups too!
As an advocate, you can also serve in the Government sector. You can appear for tests conducted for the selection of public attorneys. You can also clear the judicial services exam of your state, and become a judicial magistrate or civil judge. You can appear for the state or Union Public Services Commission exam to become a civil servant.
Meanwhile, check out real-life experiences, salaries and work-life balance of Law profession from real Lawyers/Advocates
- Gurpreet Singh (One of the best Lawyers of Bathinda City, Punjab)
- Shabana Karim (Corporate lawyer)
- Rishabh Shah (Lawyer; running own law firm in Mumbai)
- Rakesh Nagar (Revenue Advocate at Tehsil Dadri)