How to become a Doctor?


A Doctor treats patients and thus brings relief and happiness into the lives of his/her patients. This job brings with it monetary benefits as well as job satisfaction. In India, Doctors have both Government and Private sector job opportunities available in front of them.

Both these sectors are well paying. In short, this career is financially well rewarding!

In India, a person may earn the title ‘Doctor’ in many ways. It can be earned by obtaining Ph.D. in a specific field, it can be obtained after completing medical courses like MBBS and BDS, it can also be obtained after completing courses such as BPT, BAMS, BHMS and other relevant courses! We are going to dig deeper into the medical doctor profession here.

How to become a Doctor? |

Skills required to become a good doctor

In order to thrive in this profession, one must possess the following qualities –

  • Compassion and will to help others
  • Patience
  • Eye for detail
  • Concentration
  • Physical stamina
  • Calm and composed nature
  • Emotional strength
  • Medical know-how
  • Quick thinking
  • Will to learn new skills and keep oneself updated

Skills required to become a good doctor |

Types of Specializations

  • MBBS Doctor
  • Dentist
  • Homeopathic Doctor
  • Ayurvedic Doctor
  • Naturopathic Doctor
  • Unani  Doctor
  • Veterinary  Doctor
  • Nurse
  • Optometrist
  • Occupational  Therapist
  • Physiotherapist
  • Trauma Therapist
  • Pharmacist
  • Orthotist/Prosthetist
  • Audiology & Speech Therapist
  • Rehabilitation Therapist
  • Agriculturist
  • Seri culturist
  • Aquaculturist etc.

MBBS Doctor further has multiple sub-professions which are listed below:

  • Anaesthetist
  • Cardiologist
  • Dermatologist
  • Endocrinologist
  • General
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Surgeon
  • Gynaecologist
  • Haematologist
  • Neonatologist
  • Nephrologist
  • Neurologist
  • Oncologist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Orthopaedic
  • Surgeon
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Paediatrician
  • Pathologist
  • Physician
  • Psychiatrist
  • Pulmonologist
  • Urologist
  • Radiologist

Types of Doctor |

Eligibility Criteria

The first step to becoming a Doctor is to finish Higher Secondary (School) Certificate (HSC) or 10+2 tests succeeding at least 60 percent on the grade in the subjects of Biology, Chemistry, and Physics in the science stream. The next step is to get through the medical entrance exams after 12th.


If you want to get into a reputed medical institute, it is necessary to appear for and crack relevant entrance tests! Some of the prominent medical entrance tests in India are – NEET, AIIMS, AFMC, State-wise entrance tests and institute-wise entrance tests.

National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET-UG) replaced the AIPMT and all rest of individual MBBS exams that were usually conducted by states or colleges. JIPMER and AIIMS conduct their own entrance exam.

Becoming a Doctor |

Cost of becoming a Doctor in India

Finally, MBBS courses from a private college cost around Rs.15-40 lakhs. The management quota seats will come down to Rs.55-80 lakhs. MBBS courses from the government at a highly subsided cost range from Rs.25,000-75,000. So, considering that the government only offers about 25,000 seats, it is extremely important for you to prepare very well before going through an entrance exam in any type of course that you decide to take in order to become an MBBS Doctor.

Degrees to Enter into Medical Profession in India

 Degrees Duration
 MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) 5½ Years
 BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) 5 Years
 BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery) 5½ Years
 BSMS (Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery) 5½ Years
 BNYS (Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences) 5 Years
 BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery) 5½ Years
 BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery) 5½ Years
 B. Sc. (Nursing) (Bachelor of Science (Nursing)) 4 Years
 B. Optom. (Bachelor of Optometry) 4 Years
 BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy) 4 Years
 BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy) 4½ Years
 B.Sc. (Trauma Care Management) 4 Years
 Pharm. D. (Doctor of Pharmacy) 6 Years
 B. Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy) 4 Years
 B. Pharm (Ayu) (Bachelor of Pharmacy(Ayurveda)) 4 Years
 B.P.O (Bachelor in Prosthetics & Orthotics) 4 Years
 B. ASLP (Bachelor of Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology) 4 Years
 B. R. Sc. (Bachelor of Rehabilitation Science) 3 Years
 B.Sc. (Agriculture) ((Bachelor of Science (Agriculture)) 4 Years
 B. Sc. (Sericulture) ((Bachelor in Science (Sericulture)) 4 Years
 B. V. Sc. (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences) 4 Years
 B. F. Sc. (Bachelor of Fisheries Sciences) 4 Years

Health |

Top MBBS Institutes

  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • Grant Medical College, Mumbai
  • University College of Medical Sciences & GTB Hospital, New Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
  • King Georgeʼs Medical University, Lucknow
  • SRMC, Chennai
  • Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai
  • Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Amu Aligarh
  • Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
  • Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata
  • B.J. Medical College (BJMC), Ahmedabad
  • Stanley Medical College, Chennai
  • Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
  • Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU Varanasi
  • Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore
  • B.J. Medical College and Sassoon Hospital, Pune
  • Amrita Institute of Medical Science and Research Centre, Kochi
  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
  • MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore
  • TN Medical College, Mumbai

Top BDS Institutes

  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences Delhi
  • Govt. Dental College & Hospital Mumbai
  • Faculty of Dental Sciences, CSMMU, Lucknow
  • SDM College of Dental Sciences & Hospital Dharwad
  • Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital Kolkata
  • Government Dental College and Hospital Aurangabad
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences Manipal
  • Nair Hospital Dental Colleges Mumbai
  • Government Dental College & Research Institute (GDCRI) Bangalore
  • Post. Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak
  • SRM Dental College Chennai
  • A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences Mangalore

Dental (BDS) |

Career Prospects

  • Start own Hospital/Clinic
  • State/Central Civil Medical Service
  • Prepare for Civil Service Exams
  • Research and Academics
  • Pharmaceutical and Medical Equipment Manufacturing Company in Sales and Marketing
  • Corporate/Private Hospital
  • Medical Consultant in an MNC
  • Go for Higher Studies

Medical Career Prospects |

Meanwhile, check out real-life experiences, salaries and work-life balance of Medical career from professionals

  1. Dr. Ritu Saxena (Internal Medicine Specialist at Madan Mohan Malaviya Hospital)
  2. Deependra Verma (Dentist at Dr. Verma’s Dental Clinic and Naveen Hospital)
  3. Meeta Verma (Private Counselor and Psychologist)
  4. Satya Gogineni (Physiotherapist)
  5. Akhilesh Kant (Ophthalmologist)
  6. Dr. Subas Biswal (Surgery Specialist, Headquarter Hospital, Bhadrak)
  7. Dr. Sanjay Nagar (General Physician, Runs own Clinic)
  8. Dr. Bhajanlal Dhingreja (Runs Own Clinic)
  9. Dr. Angelina Dias (Physiotherapist)
  10. Dr. Aditya Dixit (Paediatrician)
  11. Dr. V. K. Agrawal (Veterinarian (Vet. Doctor))
  12. Dr. Amita Puri (Clinical Psychologist)
  13. Dr. Ranjit Singh (Doctor in Punjab Government Hospital)
  14. Dr. Kailash Kejriwal (Paediatrician (Private practice))
  15. Dr. Alok Bajpai (Psychiatrist)
  16. Dr. Adarsh Sai Jindal (Gastroenterologist and Hepatologist in the USA)